Budget 2014 Tax Guide

Main Tax Credits & Allowances
2014 2013
Personal Tax Credits
Single Person 1,650 1,650
Married or in a Civil Partnership 3,300 3,300
Single Person Child Carer 1,650
One-Parent Family 1,650
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner
– In year of bereavement 3,300 3,300
– Without dependent children 2,190 2,190
– With dependent children 1,650 1,650
Widowed Parent Tax Credit
– Year 1 3,600 3,600
– Year 2 3,150 3,150
– Year 3 2,700 2,700
– Year 4 2,250 2,250
– Year 5 1,800 1,800
Employee (PAYE) (1) 1,650 1,650
Incapacitated Child 3,300 3,300
Not available to proprietary directors and the self-employed
Age Credit
Single or Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner 245 245
Married or in a Civil Partnership 490 490
Blind Person’s Credit
Single Person 1,650 1,650
Married or in a Civil Partnership (one spouse or civil partner blind) 1,650 1,650
Married or in a Civil Partnership (both spouses or civil partners blind) 3,300 3,300
Rent Relief Credit (20% of rent subject to maximum) *
Under 55 – Single (max) 160 200
Under 55 – Married or in a Civil Partnership / Widowed or a Surviving
Civil Partner (max)
320 400
Over 55 – Single (max) 320 400
Over 55 – Married or in a Civil Partnership / Widowed or a Surviving
Civil Partner (max)
640 800
* Relief is not available to an individual that is considered a ‘new claimant’, i.e. an
individual who is not entitled to relief on the 7th
of December 2010.
Home Carer Tax Credit
Spouse caring for children, the aged or handicapped (maximum) 810 810
Dependent Relative Credit 70 70
Mortgage Interest Relief (Main Residence Only)
First Time Buyer Credit
Year 1 and 2 – 25%
Single 2,500 2,500
Married or in a Civil Partnership 5,000 5.000
Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner 5,000 5,000
Year 3 to 5 – 22.5%
Single 2,250 2,250
Married or in a Civil Partnership 4,500 4,500
Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner 4,500 4,500
Year 6 and 7 – 20%
Single 2,000 2,000
Married or in a Civil Partnership 4,000 4,000
Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner 4,000 4,000
After Year 7 & Non-First Time Buyer Credit – 15%
Single 450 450
Married or in a Civil Partnership 900 900
Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner 900 900
Qualifying loans taken out on or after 1 January 2004 and on or before 31 December
2012 will (subject to the exceptions below) qualify for tax relief up to the end of 2017.
 For individuals that purchased their principal private residence on or after 1
January 2004 and on or before 31 December 2008, the rate of tax relief on the
interest paid is increased to 30% (for 2012 to 2017).
 Loans taken out in 2012 and 2013 – Mortgage interest relief is available for tax
years 2013 to 2017 in respect of:-
o Interest paid on a loan taken out in 2013 to construct a home on a site
but only where such site was bought by way of a loan taken out in 2012
o Interest paid on a loan to repair, develop or improve a home but only
where loan approval was in place in 2012 and part of the loan was used in
2012 and the balance used in 2013.
In both cases, any necessary planning permission must have been in place on or before
31 December 2012.
Loans taken out prior to 1 January 2004 are no longer eligible for mortgage interest
Tax Allowances (allowed at marginal rates)
Carer Allowance
Cost of employing carer for incapacitated individual 50,000 50,000
Film Investment (max relief) 50,000 50,000
Rent-a-Room Relief (private residence) 10,000 10,000
Budget 2014 announced the phased abolition (over 4 years) of marginal tax relief for
loans used to acquire an interest in a partnership. New loans taken out from 15 October
2013 do not qualify for relief.
Income Tax Bands
Single or Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner
Without Dependent Children
– 20% on first 32,800 32,800
– 41% on balance
With Dependent Children
– 20% on first 36,800 36,800
– 41% on balance
Married or in a Civil Partnership (One Income)
20% on first 41,800 41,800
41% on balance
Married or in a Civil Partnership (Two Incomes) *
20% on first 65,600 65,600
41% on balance
* Excess over €41,800 non-transferable between spouses or civil partners
Tax on Savings The rate of Deposit Interest Retention Tax (DIRT) increases to 41% (33% in 2013).Exit tax applying to life insurance policies and investment funds also increased to 41%
(36% in 2013)Both increases are effective from 1 January 2014.
Social Insurance & Universal Social Charge
Employer – Class A1
Employer Contribution 10.75% 10.75% (1)
Employee – Class A1
Employee Contribution 4% (2) 4% (2)
Self Employed Contributors – Class S
Self Employed Contribution 4% 4%
(1) 8.5% where weekly earnings are not more than €356(2)
For those earning over €352 per week or equivalent
Other Minimum annual PRSI contribution for self-employed earners is €500PRSI is to apply to all income (whether earned or unearned) from 1 January 2014
Universal Social Charge
Individuals Under 70 years
Income exemption limit €10,036 €10,036
Income up to €10,036 per annum 2% 2%
Income between €10,037 and €16,016 per annum 4% 4%
Income over €16,016 per annum * 7% 7%
Self-employment income in excess of €100,000 * 10% 10%
Individuals Over 70 years
Income exemption limit €10,036 €10,036
Income up to €10,036 per annum 2% 2%
Income between €10,037 and €16,016 per annum 4% 4%
Income over €16,016 per annum * 4% 4%
Self-employment income in excess of €100,000 * 7% 7%
* For those under the age of 70 with a medical card, income over €16,016 per annum is
liable at 4% and self-assessed income in excess of €100,000 is liable at 7%.* The standard rate of USC will apply to those aged 70 and over and medical card
holders (PAYE/Self-Employed Income Earners) earning €60,000 and above with effect
from 1 January 2013.Property Relief Surcharge For individuals with gross income over €100,000, a Property Relief Surcharge at a rate of5% on the amount of income that is sheltered either by way of Section 23 Type Relief orby Accelerated Capital Allowances.
Benefit-In-Kind General In general, the taxable BIK is the higher of the following, less any amount made good tothe employer by the employee.1. The value the benefit provided to the employee;or2. The cost to the employer of providing the benefit.

However, certain BIK’s are subject to specific calculation rules.

Company Cars

The charge to BIK on company cars is currently based on a fixed percentage of the

original market value of the car provided to the employee, starting at 30% and reducing

to 6% depending on the level of annual business mileage.

It is proposed that the charge to BIK on company cars be based on the cars level of CO2

emissions. However, this is subject to a ministerial commencement order which at the

time of writing has yet to be made.

Private Use of Employer Van

The charge to BIK for the private use of an employer’s van is 5% of the original market

value of the van. However, this charge does not arise where the employee performs at

least 80% of his/her duties of employment away from the employer’s premises (subject

to certain other conditions).

Preferential Loans

A BIK arises where an employer provides a low or interest free loan to its employees. A

BIK arises on the difference between the specified interest rate and the interest rate

actually charged:

4% 4%
Specified rate for home loans 13.5% 13.5%
Specified rate for other loans
Interest must actually be paid by the employee in the year of assessment to receive a
reduction in the amount of interest assessable to BIK. Previously the reduction was
granted on the interest due and payable under a loan agreement.Small Benefits in Kind An employer can provide an employee with a small benefit to a value not exceeding
€250 per annum tax free.Cycle to Work Scheme Subject to certain conditions, an employer can provide cycling and related safety
equipment to an employee, up to a maximum value of €1,000 per employee, tax free.
Home Renovation Incentive (HRI) Budget 2014 introduces a home renovation tax incentive scheme.The Home Renovation Incentive will provide an Income Tax credit to homeowners who
carry out renovation and improvement works.The incentive is payable over the two years following the year in which the work is
carried out.The credit will be calculated at a rate of 13.5% on all qualifying expenditure over €5,000
up to a maximum of €30,000.Qualifying works include extensions and renovations to the home, window-fitting,
plumbing, tiling and plastering.The relief will be linked to the Principal Private Residence of an individual and the
contractor engaged must be tax compliant.

Start Your Own Business (SYOB)

Budget 2014 introduces a new relief for those starting up unincorporated businesses.

An exemption from Income Tax, up to a maximum of €40,000 per annum will be
provided for a period of 2 years.

The exemption applies to individuals who have been unemployed for at least 15 months
prior to starting their own business.

Local Property Tax The Local Property Tax (LPT) came into force on 1 July 2013.
LPT is based on the market value of the property and the property owner will be
required to self-assess the value of their property. The LPT is administered by the
Revenue Commissioners and relevant guidance in respect of valuing a property and the
initial valuation (as at 1 May 2013) will remain valid up to and including 2016.There is a system of market value taxable bands with the initial banding covering €0 to
€100,000 and bands of €50,000 width thereafter up to €1 million in value. The LPT is
calculated by applying the appropriate rate to the mid-point of the band.Where the property is valued at €1 million or lower, the LPT will be charged on the mid-point of the relevant band at a rate of 0.18%.For properties that are valued over €1m, the LPT will be charged at 0.18% on the first
€1m and then at 0.25% on any balance in excess of €1m, with no banding applied.There will be a number of payment options available including a voluntary deferral and
exemptions (where specific conditions are met). However, certain new and previously
unused houses that are purchased between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2016 will
be exempt from the LPT until the end of 2016. Also, second hand property purchased by
a first-time buyer between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2013 will also be exempt
from the LPT until the end of 2016.LPT 2014

If you paid LPT, for 2013, by a phased payment method (deduction at source or monthly
direct debit) this will automatically apply for 2014.

If you have previously paid LPT by another method (single debit authority or
credit/debit card), or wish to change payment method, you must confirm the 2014
payment method by 7 November 2013 (paper) or 27 November 2013 (electronic).

2014 LPT returns are due for submission 7 November 2013 (paper filing) and 27
November 2013 (electronic filing) where there are changes to ownership at 1 November
2013. The valuation date for 2014 is 1 November 2013, and will remain valid for 2014,
2015 and 2016.

Household Charge / NPPR Levy

The Household Charge was abolished from 1 January 2013 and any outstanding
Household Charge Payments for 2012 is collected with the LPT, with standard interest
and penalties applying.

The annual NPPR Levy applied for 2013 and the NPPR Levy will be abolished from 1
January 2014. Any outstanding NPPR Levy Payments as at 1 January 2014 will also be
collected with the LPT.

Corporation Tax Rates
Standard Rate on Trading Income 12.5%
Investment/Rental Income 25%
Close Companies The de minimus level relating to the undistributed investment and rental income whichis not subject to the close company surcharge remains €2,000.Start-Up Companies The corporation tax exemption for start-up companies, which may be availed of up to2014.Start-up companies may avail of a relief from corporation tax for the first three years

from commencing to trade. The value of the relief will be linked to the amount of

employer’s PRSI paid by a company in an accounting period subject to a maximum of

€5,000 per employee. Any unused relief from the first three years can be carried

forward and used in subsequent years.

Among the conditions to be satisfied in order to qualify for the exemption are:

 The company must be incorporated on or after 14 October 2008,

 The trade must be a new trade, and

 Professional services companies cannot qualify for exemption.

Research and Development Tax Credit
A credit of up to 25% of a company’s expenditure on qualifying research anddevelopment activity can be offset against a company’s corporation tax liability.The method of calculating the relief is on an incremental basis using a base yearthreshold amount to determine the level of incremental expenditure.The base year is fixed at 2003.Budget 2014 makes changes to the existing regime: Partial relief is available to companies for the cost of sub-contracting research

and development work to unconnected parties. Budget 2014 increases the limit

from 10% to 15% of total qualifying costs.

 The first €300,000 of qualifying expenditure will benefit from the 25% credit

without reference to the 2003 base year (€200,000 in 2013).

Capital Allowances
Motor Vehicles * Plant& Machinery * Industrial
Year 1 – 8 Year 1 – 8
Writing Down 12½ % 12½ % 4%
Allowance per annum per annum per annum
* These allowances apply to expenditure incurred on or after 4 December 2002.
Accelerated capital allowances are available for certain energy efficient equipment
acquired by a company. The allowance for such equipment is 100% of the cost of the
asset.In order for the equipment to qualify, it must be maintained on a list published by the
Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland.The maximum allowable capital cost for new and second hand private cars purchased on
or after 1 January 2007 is €24,000.In respect of motor vehicles purchased or hired on or after 01 July 2008, the allowability
of allowances and expenses are linked to the CO² emission levels of the vehicles. The
vehicle emission categories are as follows.
Vehicle category CO2 Emissions (g CO2/km)
A A1 (0-80g), A2 (81-100g), A3 (101-110g) & A4 (111-120g)
B B1 (121-130g), B2 (131-140g)
C 141-155g
D 156-170g
E 171-190g
F 191-225g
G 226g and over
The qualifying cost for capital allowance purposes for each category is as follows. In
each case, the specific amount equals the lower of the retail price of the car or
€24,000. in the case of a vehicle in category A, B or C, an amount equal to the specified
amount, in the case of a vehicle in category D or E, where the retail price of the vehicle
at the time it was purchased/hired is:(i) less than or equal to the specified amount, 50% of the retail price, and(ii) greater than the specified amount, 50% of the specified amount, and in the case of a vehicle in category F or G, nil
Contribution level deductible for tax purposes are as follows:
Age 2014 2013
% %
Up to 30 15 15
30 to 39 20 20
40 to 49 25 25
50 to 54 30 30
55 to 59 35 35
60 and over 40 40
30% also applies to individuals with limited earnings span e.g. athletes, entertainers.There is cap of €115,000 for 2014 on the amount of earnings on which tax relief may be
obtained for contributions by individuals to Retirement Annuity Contracts and Personal
Retirement Savings Account. This cap also applies for employee contributions to
occupational pensions schemes.The Standard Fund Threshold (SFT) is being reduced from €2.3 million to €2 million with
effect from 1 January 2014.Pension savings and entitlements valued between €2 million and €2.3 million, on 1
January 2014, can be protected at their value by applying to Revenue for a higher
threshold, a Personal Fund Threshold (PFT).Where the SFT, or PFT, is exceeded the excess is subject to an effective income tax rate
of 65% (excluding any USC or PRSI).The overall life-time limit on the amount of tax-free retirement lump sums that an
individual can draw down from a pension remains at €200,000. The excess of this
amount will be liable to income tax at the standard rate up to €575,000 (i.e. 25% of the
SFT). Any further excess will be taxed at the individual’s marginal rate of income tax.
Capital Gains Tax
Annual exemption per individual €1,270
Rate of tax 33%
(Effective for disposals made on or after 6 December 2012)
The payment date in respect of disposals in the period January to November is 15
December and the tax arising on disposals in the month of December is due by the
following 31 January.
Capital Gains Tax Exemption Capital Gains Tax exemption is available on property bought between 7 December 2011
and 31 December 2013.Budget 2014 extends this relief to 31 December 2014.The property must be held for a period of at least seven years.Entrepreneurial ReliefBudget 2014 introduces a new Capital Gains Tax relief for those who re-invest in assets
used in new productive trading activities.Individuals who paid Capital Gains Tax, and re-invest in a new business in the period
from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2018, will qualify for Capital Gains Tax relief.

The relief is conditional on holding the new investment for a minimum period of three

Capital Gains Tax payable on a future disposal of the new asset will be reduced by the
lower of:

 Capital Gains Tax payable on a previous disposal of assets in the period from 1
January 2010, or

 50% of the Capital Gains Tax payable on disposal of the new asset.

This relief is subject to EU State Aid approval.

Retirement Relief – Transfer of Business and Farming Assets Intra Family Transfers Full Retirement Relief from Capital Gains Tax for transfers intra-family for
individuals aged 55 to 66. A €3million upper limit will apply where the individual transferring the asset is
over 66 years of age. A transitional period, of two years, allowing the full unlimited relief will apply to
individuals who are aged 66 or will attain that age before 31 December 2013.Outside Family Transfers The upper limit for transfers outside the family is €750,000 for individuals aged
55 to 66.

 The upper limit for transfers outside the family is €500,000 for individuals aged
over 66 years.

 A transitional period, of two years, allowing the upper limit of €750,000 will
apply to individuals who are aged 66 or will attain that age before 31 December

Budget 2014 further extends the relief to disposals of leased farmland to third parties.

Gift/Inheritance Tax (Capital Acquisitions Tax)
Group Thresholds(effective for gifts and inheritances taken on or after 6 December 2012)
Parents to child/spouse €225,000
Blood relative €30,150
Others €15,075
Rate of tax up to threshold amount Nil
Rate of tax above the threshold amount 33%
(effective for gifts and inheritances taken on or after 6 December 2012)
Business/agricultural relief – % reduction in taxable value 90%
Gifts and inheritances received since 5 December 1991 within the same group threshold
are aggregated to determine the tax payable on the current gift/inheritance.No gift/inheritance tax is payable between spouses.The annual gift exemption for gifts received from any particular individual is €3,000.All gifts/inheritances with a valuation date in the 12 month period ending on 31 August
will be included in the return to be filed by the following pay and file deadline of 31
October.It is mandatory to file online where the valuation date is on or after 14 June 2010 unless
certain criteria met.The electronic return (IT38) available through ROS and can be used for all tax years from
Value Added Tax
VAT Registration Thresholds:
Supply of taxable goods in Ireland €75,000
(90% of turnover must be from the supply
of goods for this threshold to apply)
Provision of taxable services in Ireland €37,500
The annual cash receipts basis threshold for small and medium enterprises is being
increased from €1.25m to €2m with effect from 1 May 2014.
Note 1 These thresholds do not apply to traders established outside Ireland who must
register irrespective of turnover.Note 2 A registration threshold of €41,000 applies to certain persons acquiring goods in
Ireland from other EU member states (other than new means of transport or
goods subject to a duty of excise).Note 3 A registration threshold of €nil applies to certain persons acquiring certain
services in Ireland from abroad.Note 4

A registration threshold of €35,000 applies in relation to “Distance Selling” – i.e.
persons supplying certain goods to non-taxable persons in Ireland from other EU
member states

VAT Rates
 Standard rate applying to all supplies not chargeable at other rates 23%
Includes – Cars, Petrol / Diesel, Telecommunications, soft drinks and alcohol,
computers and software, consultancy services, opted leases
 Reduced rate applying to certain goods and services 13.5%
Includes – Heating fuel, electricity, restaurant services, newspapers, hotel and B&B
lettings, property and Child Car Seats
 2
Reduced rate applying to certain goods and services
Includes – Tourist industry goods and services such as restaurant and catering
services, hotel and holiday accommodation, theatres, printed matter such as
brochures, maps, leaflets, catalogues and newspapers, sporting facilities, cinema
admission and theatres
 Flat Rate Addition (with effect from 1 January 2014) 5%
 Zero rate applying to certain goods and services. 0%
Includes – Exports, certain food and drink, oral human medicine, books, children’s
clothing and footwear
 VAT Exempt Services
Includes certain financial services, insurance, educational, training, medical,
optical and dental services, passenger transport services and non-opted leases
Anti-Fraud MeasuresBudget 2014 introduces the following Anti-Fraud measures:(i) Disallowance of input VAT – Businesses which have not paid for supplies (in full or
part) within a six month period will be required to repay the VAT claimed on
those supplies.(ii) Quick reaction mechanism – Allows Revenue to apply an emergency and
temporary reverse-charge measure to certain goods or services to address sudden
and massive VAT fraud.(iii) Requirement to keep specific records – Provision is being made to allow Revenue
to request specific information where they believe such information will assist in
identifying VAT fraud.
Relevant Contracts Tax
There was no change to the RCT system that was introduced on 1 January 2012 for 2014.
Stamp Duty
Stocks & Shares 1%(1)
Land/Commercial Buildings/Goodwill 2%
The above rates apply to the full value of the property.
Transfer of shares listed on Enterprise Securities Market of Irish Stock Exchange will
be exempt, subject to commencement order.
Residential Property
Consideration First Time
New & Second
Hand Houses
Other Buyers
& Investors –
New Houses
<125sq m
Other Buyers& Investors – Second
Hand House
or New Houses
>125sq m
Up to €1,000,000 1% 1% 1%
Amounts over €1,000,000 2% 2% 2%
Dates to Remember
Income Tax
Preliminary Income Tax Payment for 2014 31 October 2014
Balance of tax due for 2013 31 October 2014
File Personal Tax Return for 2013 31 October 2014
Note – A Pay & File Extension may be available for those that pay and file through the
Revenue Online Service (ROS) Website.
Capital Gains Tax
Payment Dates
Disposals made between 1 December 2013 & 31 December 2013 31 January 2014Disposals made between 1 January 2014 & 30 November 2014 15 December 2014Disposals made between 1 December 2014 & 31 December 2014 31 January 2015
Returns 2013 Disposals 31 October 2014
Individuals 2014 Disposals 31 October 2015

Find our more with our Budget 2014 Highlights.Budget 2014 highlights